The art of producing Banarasi sarees started during the Mughal era. In those times, the raw material for making these saree came from China. Today the material comes from Bangalore. The whole process of making the Banarasi saree is no simple. A lot of effort goes in to produce one single saree. Around 5600 thread wires are used to make one saree. Weaving, dyeing and creating latches are an integral part of Banarasi saree making process. Banarasi sarees symbolize excellent taste and high esteem. The silk saree is assembled using fine silk threads that are woven with real gold and silver brocade or zari threads combined with luxurious embroidery. The Saree theme is mostly inspired by the Mughal Era designs and involves floral patterns, paisley etc.
Presently there are four main types of Banarasi sarees – pure silk, georgette, shatter and organza with zari and silk. With varying design process, sarees are divided into five categories – tissue, a cutwork, tanchoi and jangla. Sarees differ in their types and draping style. The pallu of this saree is the main attraction; other features include small details of weaving, gold work, metallic visual effects and mina work. So why not wear a Banarasi saree that will make you stand apart with a rich and classy look as e-commerce websites offer varieties with simple prices. The handloom weaving process includes reeling, coloring & pattern printing and weaving.
Making the length of the yarn and wrapping it into bundles. This is done before dying; yarn is put into the reeling machine and reeled separately for tana and bana. A chakra type spinning wheel is used to pull the yarn together on the bobbin; this yarn for bana is then rolled on.
2. Coloring & Pattern printing
The yarn is dyed to give it color, before dyeing the yarn is boiled in soap water to give shine. Designs are drawn on a paper and later punched on perforated cards. Different cards are created for each style/design.
Weaving is done on a pit loom. Dyed tana yarn is prepared for weaving on this. The length of the saree to be made is decided by the length of the yarn on the cylinder. Later all the warp threads are threaded in the loom and begin to move up and down. A variety of techniques like jangla, tanchoi, kharua among others is used to produce different patterns. The final embroidery layer of the Banarasi saree is the zari, which is a golden thread that is produced by melting silver ingot. It is actually put across the borders and in the fabric of the saree.
Brocade silk is one of the specialties of the city of Varanasi and is quiet popular for its royal sheen, vibrant colors, and heavy look. It is essentially a type of weave wherein motifs and patterns are created by thrusting the zari threads. Once you get yourself a Banaras saree, it is important to go an extra mile to maintain them, preserve the saree’s luster and crisp texture.
With an increase in demand of stylish sarees, silk brands come up with formal wear sarees too. Getting the right style is as important as getting the right silk. Women are willing to experiment with their look more than before. With a change in draping style, you can add a dash of style with choice of accessories and nice blouse designs. Experiment with modern draping techniques changing from a regular style like reverse draping, rajrani style or neck drape. Since the Banarasi fabrics are popular, communities have started replicating their work to such precision that it’s difficult to find out. So it is necessary to look for the Geographical indication. These indications are property right given to them to prove the originality of the Banaras silk. According to the GI right, only sarees made in 6 districts of Uttar Pradesh-Varanasi, Mirzapur, Chandauli, Bhadohi, Jaunpur, and Azamgarh.
Shopping guide for buying the famous Banarasi sarees would be
- While buying a Banaras saree just check the reverse of saree to check for floats between the grids of warps and wefts on the saree. Only a hand-woven Banaras saree has such warp and weft technique.
- Check for six to eight inches long patch of plain silk on the pallu of the saree and this portion goes over the shoulder.
- A Banarasi saree carries the Mughals patterns like amru, ambi and domak. A non-Indian made Banarasi saree wouldn’t have these handmade Persian designs on it.
- It’s essential to know the different types of Banarasi sarees, few famous fabric types would be pure silk (katan), shatter, organza (kora) they are designed with zari and silk. When divided into categories there are Jangla, Tanchoi, Cutwork, Tissue and Butidar.
Other factors to consider before buying a Banaras saree are: to be always brought by a trusted brand to avoid the duplicate product, one should know how to identify the superior quality fabric, maintenance of saree and genuine makers. These sarees were previously dyed by chemical inks, now they have moved to natural colors from plants, vegetables, flowers and fruits which include acacia, palash, butia, marigold and pomegranate.
There are many websites available selling Banarasi sarees at lower cost but they are not pure ones but made from China with cheap silk threads. At the same time before buying a saree, following points should be kept in mind to make you look beautiful.
Draping saree in particular way you make look tall, short, fat or thin so find out which style suits the best.
Fabric used plays an important role as stiff sarees make women look heavy. So choose materials based on body type.
Prints on the saree
Shorter women should avoid sarees with larger prints as they make them look odd and short. Small floral and leafy patterns are breezy and trendy.
For shorter women, it is advisable to choose a smaller border saree.
The color of any dress plays an important role, dark colors suits best on overweight ladies.
Banarasi Saree Online Price in India
|Banarasi Saree||Silk Material||Best Price||Visit the Store|
|Chandrakala Women’s Banarasi Cotton Silk Saree|
|Shree Sanskruti Women’s Tassar Silk Saree|
|Chandrakala Womens’s Banarasi Cotton Silk Saree|
|Anjani Enterprise Women’s Pink Color Cotton Banarasi Saree|
|Chandrakala Women’s Banarasi Cotton Silk Saree||Banarasi Silk||₹899||Buy|